• Анна Сергеевна Матвеевская Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, Российская Федерация, 199034, Санкт-Петербург, Университетская наб., 7–9
  • Сергей Николаевич Погодин Санкт-Петербургский политехнический университет Петра Великого, Российская Федерация, 195251, Санкт-Петербург, ул. Политехническая, 29;


Th e paper considers historical and geographical preconditions for establishment of Finnish identity on the basis of cultural analysis. It is shown that in diff erent historical periods, establishment of Finnish identity developed in a number of ways. When Finland merged in the Russian Empire, the main focus was on establishing language and cultural identity. Aft er declaring independence, most attention was paid to economic and political aspects, which form Finnish identity. Establishment of Finnish identity in the 20th century can be divided into seven periods. In the modern context the main focus is on the so-called “Finnish model of information society”, which provides for the existing features of Finnish ethnic identity. Th e References include 12 items. Refs 12.

Ключевые слова:

Finland, identity, language, literature, the Kalevala, culturology, information society


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Литература / References

Pogodin S. N. Formation and Establishment Process of National Consciousness in the Russian Empire in the 19th Century. International relations and dialogue of cultures. Collection of scientifi c articles N 3 (2014). Publishing House of the Polytechnic University2015 pp. 347–356. (In Russian)

Kolesnikov D. E. Th e Origin of Finnish National Identity. Russia in the global world. Social and theoretical almanac2010 no. 19 pp. 20–26.

Matveevskaya A. S. Pogodin S. N. Finnish culture in Tsarist Russia. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Ser. 17. Philosophy. Confl ict studies. Culture studies. Religious studies2014 issue 4 December pp. 121–127. (In Russian)

Kolesnikov D. E. Fennoman Movement as a System of Views of J. V. Snellman. St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University Journal. Humanities and social sciences. St. Petersburg2010 no. 2 (111) pp. 177–182. (In Russian)

Pogodin S. N. Relationship of Tsarist Russia and Finland (political and juridical aspect). Russia in the global world. Almanac N 4 (27). St. Petersburg2014 pp. 233–243. (In Russian)

Pogodin S. N. Sablina M. A. Relations of Russia and Finland in the Last Th ird of the 19th Century. St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University Journal. Humanities and social sciences2012 vol. 1 (143) pp. 190– 195. (In Russian)

Hmelshchikova N. Th e Epic “Kalevala in the Life of Finland”. URL: (accessed 25.02.2016).

Context of Finnish identity and citizenship (European Association for education of adults). URL: (accessed 25.02.2016).

Solomeshch I. M. From the Finland of Gagarin to the Finland of Ordin: on the way to the Finnish question. Finland of many faces: Th e image of Finland and Finns in Russia: (collection of articles). Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation INOTSENTR (Information. Science. Education) Kennan Institute of Woodrow Wilson Centre (USA); [under academic supervision by A. N. Tsamutali and others]. Veliky Novgorod Novgorod State University Publ.2004 pp. 144. (In Russian)

Rayhel Yu. Finlandization of Europe or Russian peace? Available at: (accessed 25.02.2016).

Skorodumova O. B. Cultural Policy of Finland and its Role in Establishment of a New Information Society Model. Knowledge. Understanding. Skill2008 no. 4 pp. 40–44.

Kolesnikov D. E. Establishment of National and Historical Identity of Finland. St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University Journal. Humanities and social sciences. St. Petersburg2011 no. 4 (136) pp. 186–191.
Как цитировать
Матвеевская, А., & Погодин, С. (2018). ESTABLISHMENT OF FINNISH IDENTITY. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Философия и конфликтология, 32(3), 98-102.

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